新加坡空军部队 - Angkatan Udara Republik Singapura
- Republic of Singapore Air Force
Till 1990 / From 1990
Credit: Roundels of the world
Last update 05-04-2018
Consideration tp replace the Hawker Hunter in service as fighters was
given in 1975; the choice was to be between the McDonnell F-4, the
Northrop F-5 and the IAI Kfir.
late 1976 a Letter of Offer for the supply pf 18 Northrop F-5E and 3
F-5F, plus 200 AIM-9P Siderwinder air-to-air missiles at a total price
of USD 109.7m, later increased to USD 113.0m was taken uo by the
Government of Sigapore. The two seaters were to be delivere by late
1978, 15 single-seaters at two-a-month starting from January 1979 and
the final three (attrition aircrafts) in December 1979.
The first batch of 2 Northrop F-5E and 3 Northrop F-5F arrived at Tengah AB on 22-02-79 on board an Lockheed C-5A Galaxy, two other batches followed the
same way, delivery was completed by October 1979.
Northrop F-5E serial 800 on a
Instructor pilots converted to the new aircraft at Luke AFB (USA) with the 425th Squadron, including live-firing exercises.
The sale of additional 6 Northrop F-5E was notified to the US Congress in July 1980, contract valued at approximately USD 33.8m including spares.
These aircrafts figured some improvements, like an extended dorsal fin,
wing leading edge and the "sharkmouth" nose; they were delivered
Purchase of three more Northrop F-5F followed in 1982, costing USD 16.3m.
These were air-delivered in February 1983 via the Atlantic Sea (8 days, US pilots) and the Middle East (8 days), a journey
through 16 countries and 14'800 km long; Singaporean pilots took-over
the aircrafts at RAF Leuchars (UK) and flew them home via France, Italy, Greece, Cyprus, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Qatar, UAE,
Oman, Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Burma, Thailand and Malaysia.
Lockheed KC-130H was delivered in 1984, followed by four Lockheed
C-130B converted in 1985/1986 to KC-130B air-refuellers in order to
enable the in-flight transfer, mainly to exercise in Australia,
of the Northrop F-5s (and STAe A-4).
Another 6 Northrop F-5E were delivered in 1985. These participated in mid-November of this year to a Red Flag exercise at Nellis AFB before being flown home via the same route, five immediately after the exercise, one at the beginning of December.
Northrop F-5E serials 838 and 841 transiting Prestwick (UK) on 19-11-85.
1987 saw the commission of of the Flight Simulation Center with an F-5
air combat simulator at Paya Lebar AB, one of the best in South East
Asia, extensively used by the Air Forces of Malaysia and Indonesia. By April 2010 there were four simulators at Paya Lebar AB.
A batch of 5 additional Northrop F-5E
were received in 1989. These were built from stock parts, as the
production line had already closed down, again
air-delivered via the Atlantic route. This brought the grand total
of 35/36 single- and 9 double-seaters.
Northrop F-5E serial 870 partially painted at Mojave photographed in November 1988.
Photo: Charles R. Stewart
Northrop F-5F serial 861 seen at Prestwick (UK) on delivery on 06-12-87
Photo: Archive The F-5 Enthusiast
Primary role of these aircrafts was air defence, armament including Raytheon AIM-9P Sidewinder (which have supplanted the AIM-9J version), followed by strike.
For this last role Hughes AGM-65A Maverick were acquired, plus Mk 82
500lbs bombs and LAU-60/A and -68/A rocket launchers.
By 1990 Singapore had a supporting Northop F-5 unit at Clark AFB (Philippines), with crews being supplied in a rotation system.
acquisition were seven former Jordanian AF Northrop F-5E, bought in
1994. These were probably directly modified as STAe/Northrop F-5S
New main air-defence fighter
of the STAe/Northrop F-5S as the main Singaporean fighter came with the
progressive establishment, between August 1998 and 2004, of three General Dynamics
F-16 equipped Squadrons,
initially armed with the F-16A and F-16B version, later with General
Dynamics F-16C and F-16D Block 52+ versions, though the updated Northrop fighter still remained a very important
pillar in Combat Air Patrols, sweep and escort missions and
interception of hostile aircrafts.
According an USA source there were 49 aircrafts in service in 2004. Final Northrop F-5S/T were retired by August 2015.
Aircrafts were originally delivered in a three-tone grey camouflage
scheme. Beginning 1995 repainting in a two-tone grey scheme
(similar to local F-16s) started, to be completed by late 1996 on
aircrafts belonging to 149 Squadron.
Various experimental colours were applied on some aircrafts during the
1980s/early 90s. They included a 3-tone blue, an early SEA camouflage and one
Photo: Archive The F-5 EnthusiastNorthrop F-5E in an early 1983 SEA camouflage in a line-up with standard camouflaged aircrafts.